```
fun main() {
val n = 5
val X = listOf(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
val result = (0 until n).reduce { acc, i -> acc + X[i] }
println("--> $result")
}
```

Why does this code results in 14?

```
fun main() {
val n = 5
val X = listOf(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
val result = (0 until n).reduce { acc, i -> acc + X[i] }
println("--> $result")
}
```

Why does this code results in 14?

It becomes clear when you print out the actual values:

```
fun main() {
val n = 5
val X = listOf(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
val result = (0 until n).reduce { acc, i ->
println("acc: $acc, i: $i, x: ${X[i]}")
acc + X[i]
}
println("--> $result")
}
```

Output:

```
acc: 0, i: 1, x: 2
acc: 2, i: 2, x: 3
acc: 5, i: 3, x: 4
acc: 9, i: 4, x: 5
--> 14
```

This is the normal behavior of `reduce`

and is also documented. What you are looking for is `fold`

.

```
(0 until n).fold(initial = 0) { acc , i -> acc + X[i] }
```

Because then you couldn’t use the 0-element as the starting value for the accumulator.

At the first iteration of `reduce`

the lambda is called with the initial value of `acc`

equal to the first element and `i`

equal to the second element. Therefore `acc`

= 0, and `i`

= 1.